One of the major challenges facing countries today is how to approach security sector reform in an inclusive and sustainable manner that effectively addresses citizens’ security needs. Recognizing the need for a comprehensive planning strategy such processes that includes the participation of all affected stakeholders, PartnersGlobal developed the Security: Governance Accountability and Performance (SGAP) Toolkit. Comprised of both a framework and guide, the SGAP Toolkit takes participants through a facilitated security sector reform planning process that lays the groundwork for joint prioritization, action planning and continual assessment of a country’s security sector.
PartnersGlobal piloted the toolkit in both Nigeria and Sierra Leone, bringing together government, security and civil society actors that identified windows of opportunity to improve their security system’s ability to accomplish their goals of reform. Today, we have elevated the utility of SGAP to new heights. With Partners West Africa-Nigeria, PartnersGlobal continues to apply the process in Nigeria and the West Africa region more broadly. In Brazil, Partners is working with civil society organization ISER to adapt the framework to a sub-national level in the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro. In the US, Partners engages with our military counterparts to talk about the innovative approach to inclusive security and its potential application in their own trainings and modes of thinking about security reform processes.
What Is Our Process?
A holistic approach to security sector governance is necessary with an emphasis on managing transparent reform processes within a framework of democratic control and oversight, involving a broad range of actors at national, regional and local levels.
A transformative agenda is required to build trust between government, the security sector and society through behavioral change and a rights-based approach, favoring professionalization and eschewing political, ethnic or other bias.
A national vision of security is essential to prioritizing human security over the preservation of political interests, it also balances operational improvements with institutional reform.