A decade after the war, Kosovo remained a politically and socially fragile state. Demonstrating that the process of reconciliation and peacebuilding takes time and must start at the local level. The key to ensuring that local-level conflicts do not escalate and embroil all of Kosovo in further unrest depends greatly on the creation of local structures and relationships through which communities and marginalized groups can express their concerns and grievances, aiming to negotiate constructive agreements with the government.
Recognizing these challenges, PartnersGlobal and Partners Kosovo in partnership with USAID implemented the Kosovo Inclusive Community Change and Reconciliation (KICCR) Program in 2006. PartnersGlobals’ “Inclusive Community Change Model (ICCM),” on which the KICCR methodology was based, emphasizes broad participation, allowing marginalized groups as well as the majority to have a voice in decisions that affect their everyday quality of life. It is a shared interest of all these groups to increase the inclusiveness and transparency of local governance. The KICCR methodology leveraged this shared interest to mobilize multiethnic participation in development projects, resulting in small but sustainable improvements in interethnic relations.